Can Pix4Dmapper process Images taken at different Flight Heights?

It is usually recommended to process images captured at the same flight height, as they have the same Ground Sampling Distance (GSD). It means that all images will have the same level of details. This facilitates the matching of keypoints between images and therefore, helps the reconstruction.

However, Pix4Dmapper can also process images with different GSD as long as the highest GSD is smaller than twice the lowest GSD. Considering that the flight height and the GSD have a linear relationship, for the same project, captured with the same camera, the highest flight height at which images are taken should not exceed two times the lowest flight height:

GSD1 ≤ 2 * GSD2

(Fr * Iw) / (Sw * H1 * 100) ≤ 2 * (Fr * Iw) / (Sw * H2 * 100)

H1 ≤ 2 * H2


  • GSD = Ground Sampling Distance [cm/pixel].
  • Sw = sensor width [mm].
  • H = flight height [m].
  • Fr = real focal length [mm].
  • Iw = image width [pixel].

For more information on how about how to capture the images for terrain with height variations: Image acquisition plan for terrain with height variations.

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  • christine cai

    Is there a mistake being made in the formula? would it be like GSD= (Fr * Iw) / (Sw * H1 * 100)

  • Blaž (Pix4D)

    Hi Christine, 

    Thank you for letting us know, we corrected the equation. 


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